Five Elements of Fitness

muscle exercise

When most people think of fitness training they focus on aerobic fitness and muscular fitness, but as an article on the Mayo Clinic’s website points out, a good fitness education training program balances five elements, aerobic fitness, strength fitness, stretching, core exercise, and balance training. The article does a good job of explaining the importance of each element while giving examples of different exercises that one could put to use in their fitness education system. Below is a brief rundown of each element according to the Mayo Clinic’s article. Mayo clinic describes aerobic fitness as “any physical activity that uses large muscle groups and increases your heart rate.” Why does the Mayo Clinic consider it important? “Aerobic exercise causes you to breathe faster and more deeply, which maximizes the amount of oxygen in your blood. The better your aerobic fitness, the more efficiently your heart, lungs and blood vessels transport oxygen throughout your body, and the easier it is to complete routine physical tasks and rise to unexpected challenges, such as running to your car in the pouring rain.” Aerobic fitness should be a pillar in your fitness education programs.

Muscular fitness is a very important element in fitness education, and may be one of the most popular. The article suggest strength training at least twice a week, which can increase muscular fitness and bone strength while helping you maintain muscle mass during a weight loss program Core exercises is the first of three that many people know little about and tend to avoid doing in their workout programs. Mayoclinic.com describes core exercise as any exercise that uses the trunk of your body without support “Core exercises focus on the muscles in your abdomen, lower back and pelvis. Why does the mayo clinic think it’s important? Your core helps protect your back and connects your upper and lower body movement. Balance training is important in fitness education, particularly with clients who are older adults. Why does the Mayo Clinic think it’s important? “Because balance tends to deteriorate with age, which can lead to falls and fractures.” The article suggests “standing on one leg for increasing periods of time to improve your overall stability.”

Finally the Mayo Clinic lists stretching as the fifth element enlisted in fitness education. Why does the Mayo Clinic think it’s important? “Stretching exercises are effective in increasing flexibility, and thereby can allow people to more easily do activities that require greater flexibility. Stretching also improves the range of motion of your joints and promotes better posture and regular stretching can even help relieve stress.” A good fitness education program should include each of these elements. The Mayo Clinic suggests that “it isn’t necessary to fit each of these into every fitness session, but factoring them into your regular routine can help you promote fitness for life.”

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